U.S. Department of State
- No. - Dejame entrar!
- закричал Беккер, пробуя открыть запертую дверцу машины. Джабба тяжко вздохнул и повернулся к экрану.
Сьюзан никогда еще не видела шефа столь подавленным. Есть ли у него оружие.
The United States and Russia maintain diplomatic and trade relations. The relationship was generally warm under the Russian President Boris Yeltsin — until the NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia   in the spring of , and has since deteriorated significantly. In , relations greatly strained due to the crisis in Ukraine , Russia's annexation of Crimea , in over differences regarding Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War , and from the end of over Russia's alleged interference in the U.
Mutual sanctions imposed in remain in place. In the late s, Eastern European nations took advantage of the relaxation of Soviet control under Mikhail Gorbachev and began to break away from communist rule. The relationship greatly improved in the final years of the USSR. On 3 December , Gorbachev and the U. Bush declared the Cold War over at the Malta Summit. Relations between Russia and the U.
During the first presidencies of Vladimir Putin , who assumed the top office, first as acting president, on the last day of , and United States president George W. Bush , the United States and Russia began to have serious disagreements. Under Putin, Russia became more assertive in international affairs; under Bush, the U. The Russian leadership blamed U. Nevertheless, Putin and Bush were said to have established good personal relations. In , the United States withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in order to move forward with plans for a missile defense system.
Putin called the decision a mistake. Russia strongly opposed the invasion of Iraq , though without exercising its veto in the United Nations Security Council. In March , the U. Both nations were former Warsaw Pact members. Russia, however, viewed the new system as a potential threat and, in response, tested a long-range intercontinental ballistic missile , the RS , which it claimed could defeat any defense system.
Vladimir Putin warned the U. On June 3, , Putin warned that if the United States built the missile defense system, Russia would consider targeting missiles at Poland and the Czech Republic. In October , Vladimir Putin visited Iran to discuss Russia's aid to Iran's nuclear power program and "insisted that the use of force was unacceptable. In February , Vladimir Putin said Russia might have to retarget some of its missiles towards the missile defense system: In July , Russia announced that if a U.
The statement from the Russian foreign ministry said, "If an American strategic anti-missile shield starts to be deployed near our borders, we will be forced to react not in a diplomatic fashion but with military-technical means. On August 14, , the U. In return, the U.
The missile battery was to be staffed — at least temporarily — by U. After the agreement was announced, Russian officials said defences on Russia's borders would be increased and that they foresaw harm in bilateral relations with the United States. In November , a day after Obama was elected president, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev in his first annual address to the Federal Assembly of Russia announced plans to deploy Iskander short-range missilies to Kaliningrad , near the border with Poland , if the United States went ahead with its European Ballistic Missile Defense System.
In August , United States-Russia bilateral relations became further strained, when Russia and Georgia fought a five-day war over the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
The statement also called on Iran to abandon its nuclear program and to permit foreign inspectors into the country.
In March , U. The gag fell short as the Russian translation on the button was misspelt by the State Department and actually meant "overload" instead of "reset". After making a few jokes, they decided to press the button anyway.
In early July , Obama visited Moscow where he had meetings with president Medvedev and prime minister Putin. Speaking at the New Economic School Obama told a large gathering, "America wants a strong, peaceful and prosperous Russia. This belief is rooted in our respect for the Russian people, and a shared history between our nations that goes beyond competition.
In March , the United States and Russia reached an agreement to reduce their stockpiles of nuclear weapons. The agreement cut the number of long-range nuclear weapons held by each side to about 1,, down from the current 1, to 2, set by the Moscow Treaty of On a visit to Moscow in March , U.
At the start of the mass protests that began in Russia after the legislative election in early December , prime minister Vladimir Putin accused the United States of interference and inciting unrest, specifically saying that secretary of state Hillary Clinton had sent "a signal" to "some actors in our country"; his comments were seen as indication of a breakdown in the Obama administration's effort to "reset" the relationship.
By , it was clear that a genuine reset never happened and relations remained sour. Factors in the West included traditional mistrust and fear, an increasing drift away from democracy by Russia, and a demand in Eastern Europe for closer political, economic and military integration with the West. From Russia factors included a move away from democracy by Putin, expectations of regaining superpower status and the tactic of manipulating trade policies and encouraging divisions within NATO.
Shortly after the election of Putin back to presidency in March , the White House spokesman Jay Carney said United States-Russian cooperation was based on mutual interests. In mid-September , the United States and Russia made a deal whereby Syria's chemical weapons would be placed under international control and eventually destroyed; president Obama welcomed the agreement  that was shortly after enshrined in the UNSC Resolution The Obama administration was criticised for having used the chemical weapons deal as an ineffectual substitute for military action that Obama had promised in the event of use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government.
Obama acknowledged Russia's role in securing the deal to limit Iran 's nuclear program that was reached in July , and personally thanked Putin for Russia's role in the relevant negotiations. On a personal level, the relationship between Obama and Putin went on to be characterised by an observer in the following way: In May , Russian general Nikolay Yegorovich Makarov said that there was a possibility of a preemptive strike on missile defense sites in Eastern Europe , to apply pressure to the United States regarding Russia's demands.
Navy's anti-submarine warfare capabilities. On December 14, , U. On December 28, , Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a bill , widely seen as retaliatory, that banned any United States citizen from adopting children from Russia.
President Obama, two Russian Tu Bear strategic bombers , reportedly equipped with nuclear-tipped cruise missiles, circled the U. At the end of , Russia announced that a rearmament of the Kozelsk , Novosibirsk, Tagil Rocket divisions with advanced RS Yars intercontinental ballistic missiles was going ahead.
In July , the U. In early June , the U. State Department reported that Russia had failed to correct the violation of the I. Edward Snowden , a contractor for the United States government, copied and released hundreds of thousands of pages of secret U. He fled to Hong Kong, and then to Russia where in July he was granted political asylum.
He was wanted on a criminal warrant by U. The granting of asylum further aggravated relations between the two countries and led to the cancellation of a meeting between Obama and Putin that was scheduled for early September in Moscow. Following the collapse of the Viktor Yanukovych government in Ukraine in February , Russia annexed Crimea on the basis of a controversial referendum held on March 16, It's really 19th century behavior in the 21st century, and there is no way, to start with, that if Russia persists in this, that the G8 countries are going to assemble in Sochi.
At the end of March , U. In my view, that is a misguided position. I would like to have discussions on a level footing with Russia. Russia is not, as President Obama said, 'a regional power'. This was a big error in assessment. As unrest spread into eastern Ukraine in the spring of , relations between the U. After one bout of sanctions announced by President Obama in July targeting Russia's major energy, financial and defence companies, Russia said the sanctions would seriously harm the bilateral ties relegating them to the s Cold War era.
From March to , six rounds of sanctions were imposed by the US, as well as by the EU, and some other countries allied to the U. The first three rounds targeted individuals close to Putin by freezing their assets and denying leave to enter. Russia responded by banning import of certain food products as well as by banning entry for certain government officials from the countries that imposed sanctions against Russia. Due to the situation concerning Ukraine, relations between Russia and the U.
Shortly after the start of the Syrian Civil War in the spring of , the U. On September 30, , Russia began the air campaign in Syria on the side of the Syrian government headed by president Bashar al-Assad of Syria. In early October , U. Three weeks into the Russian campaign in Syria, on October 20, , Russian president Vladimir Putin met Bashar Assad in Moscow to discuss their joint military campaign and a future political settlement in Syria, according to the Kremlin report of the event.
While one of the original aims of the Russian leadership may have been normalisation of the relationship with the U. Bilateral negotiations over Syria were unilaterally suspended by the U. S on October 3, , which was presented as the U. Trump had been widely seen as a pro-Russia candidate, with the FBI investigating alleged connections between Donald Trump's former campaign manager Paul Manafort as well as Carter Page and pro-Russian interests.
In mid-November , shortly after the election of Donald Trump as the U. In his address to the Russian parliament delivered on December 1, , Russian president Putin said this of U. It's important to normalize and begin to develop bilateral relations on an equal and mutually beneficial basis. Mutual efforts by Russia and the United States in solving global and regional problems are in the interest of the entire world.
In early December , the White House said that President Obama had ordered the intelligence agencies to review evidence of Russian interference in the presidential campaign; Eric Schultz, the deputy White House press secretary, denied the review to be led by Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper was meant to be "an effort to challenge the outcome of the election". While in mid-December president Obama publicly pledged to retaliate for Russian cyberattacks during the U. For all the outrage voiced by Democrats and Republicans in the past week about the Russian action — with the notable exception of Mr.
Trump, who has dismissed the intelligence findings as politically motivated — it is worth remembering that trying to manipulate elections is a well-honed American art form. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year signed into law by president Obama on 23 December , was criticised by the Russian foreign ministry as yet another attempt to "create problems for the incoming Trump administration and complicate its relations on the international stage, as well as to force it to adopt an anti-Russia policy.
At the end of , U. A week after the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, , the U. President Donald Trump had a minute telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin that was hailed by both governments as a step towards improvement of relations between the U.
In early March , the U.