Ooty Holiday Packages
Consequently, since the independence they are now divided between Pakistani Punjab and Indian Punjab.
Large numbers of Mazhabi Sikhs were also converted in the Moradabad district and the Bijnor district  of Uttar Pradesh. Rohilkhand saw a mass conversion of its entire population of Mazhabi Sikhs into the Methodist Church.
Punjabi culture is the culture of the Punjab region. It is one of the oldest and richest cultures in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The Punjabi culture is the culture of the Punjabi people, who are now distributed throughout the world.
The scope, history, sophistication and complexity of the culture are vast. Some of the main areas include Punjabi poetry, philosophy, spirituality, artistry, dance, music, cuisine, military weaponry, architecture, languages, traditions, values and history. In the traditional Punjabi culture women look after the household and children. Also women in general manage the finances of the household.
Moreover, Punjabi women fought in the past along with the men when the time arose. Majority of Punjabi women were considered as warriors upon a time, they excelled in the art of both leadership and war. They are still considered and treated as leaders among many Punjabi villages. In Sikhism , it is stated that women are to be equal to men in all aspects of life. Mai Bhago is a good example in this regard. Punjabi Sikh women also have a strong artistic tradition.
Amrita Pritam was a notable poet in the 20th century. Amrita Shergill was a renowned painter. Rupi Kaur is a modern-day example of this as well. Punjabi is the most spoken language in Pakistan and eleventh most spoken language in India.
According to the Ethnologue estimate,  there are million native speakers of the Punjabi language, which makes it the ninth most widely spoken language in the world. According to a estimate,  [ original research? Punjabis are an ethno-linguistic group with Indo-Aryan roots,  and are culturally related to the other Indo-Aryan peoples of South Asia. There are an estimated million Punjabi speakers around the world. In South Asia, they are the second largest ethnic group after the Bengali People.
The main language of the Punjabi people is Punjabi and its associated dialects, which differ depending on the region of Punjab the speaker is from; there are notable differences in the Lahnda languages , spoken in the Pakistani Punjab. In the Pakistani Punjab, the vast majority still speak Punjabi, even though the language has no governmental support.
In the Indian Punjab, most people speak Punjabi. English is sometimes used, and older people who lived in the undivided Punjab may be able to speak and write in Urdu. The Punjabi languages have always absorbed numerous loanwords from surrounding areas and provinces and from English. Punjabi cuisine has an immense range of dishes and has become world-leader in the field; so much so that many entrepreneurs that have invested in the sector have built large personal fortunes due to the popularity of Punjabi cuisine throughout the world.
Punjabi cuisine uses unique spices. The popular dishes are Tandoori chicken , Dal makhni , chicken tikka lababdar, Saron da saag and stuffed or un stuffed naans a type of unleavened bread.
Bhangra describes dance-oriented popular music with Punjabi rhythms, developed since the s. The name refers to one of the traditional and folkloric Punjabi dances.
Bhangra music is appreciated all over the globe. Sufi music and Qawali are other important genres in Punjab. Owing to the long history of the Punjabi culture and of the Punjabi people, there are a large number of dances normally performed at times of celebration, the time of festivals known as Melas and the most prominent dances are at Punjabi weddings, where the elation is usually particularly intense.
Punjabi dances are performed either by men or by women. The dances range from solo to group dances and also sometimes dances are done along with musical instruments like Dhol , Flute , Supp, Dhumri, Chimta etc. Other common dances that both men and women perform are Karthi, Jindua, and Dandass. Its popularity has attained a level where a music is produced with the intent of aiding people to carry out this form of dancing.
Punjabi wedding traditions and ceremonies are conducted in Punjabi, and are a strong reflection of Punjabi culture. Many local songs are a part of the wedding and are known as boliyan. The Punjabi wedding has many rituals and ceremonies that have evolved since traditional times. Punjabi receptions of all sorts are known to be very energetic, filled with loud Bhangra music, people dancing, and a wide variety of Punjabi food.
The folk tales of Punjab include many stories  which are passing through generations and includes folk stories like Heer Ranjha , Mirza Sahiban ,  Sohni Mahiwal etc. This type of vigil is found throughout India and is usually held to worship a deity with song and ritual.
The goal is to gain the favour of the Goddess, to obtain some material benefit, or repay her for one already received. A Dastaar is an item of headgear associated with Sikhi and is an important part of the Punjabi and Sikh culture. The symbolic article of the nation represents honour, self-respect, courage, spirituality, and piety.
Wearing a Sikh dastaar, or turban, is mandatory for all Amritdhari initiated Sikh men and women. In ancient times, two Punjabis would exchange their turbans to show friendship towards each other.
Prior to Sikhi , only kings, royalty, and those of high stature wore turbans. A Punjabi suit that features three items - a qameez top , salwar bottom and dupatta scarf  is the traditional female attire of the Punjabi people.
Along with the qameez, Punjabi women wear a salwaar that consists of long trousers drawn at the waist and tapered to the ankle. A Kurta pajama that comprises two items - a kurta top and pajama bottom is the traditional male attire of the Punjabi people. Various types of sports are played in Punjab. They are basically divided into outdoor and indoor sports. Special emphasis is put to develop both the mental and physical capacity while playing sports.
That is why recently sports like Speed reading , Mental abacus , historical and IQ tests are arranged as well. Indoor sports are specially famous during the long summer season in Punjab. Also indoor sports are played by children in homes and in schools. Gilli-danda is vary famous indigenous sports among children along with Parcheesi. Pittu Garam is also famous among children. Stapu is famous among young girls of Punjab. Also many new games are included with the passage of time.
The Tabletop games games include billiards and snooker. Backgammon locally known as Dimaagi Baazi Mental game is famous in some regions as well. Gatka , is also taken as a form of sports. Punjab being part of South Asia, the sport of cricket is very popular. New forms of sports are also being introduced and adopted in particular by the large overseas Punjabis, such as Ice hockey , Soccer , Boxing , Mixed martial arts , Rugby union as part of the globalisation of sports.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about an ethnic group.
For information on the geographical Punjabi region, see Punjab region. For other uses, see Punjabi disambiguation. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Punjabis - Wikipedia
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Music of Punjab and Folk music of Punjab. Punjabi festivals and Festivals in Lahore. Retrieved 3 August We now estimate the Punjabi community at about ,, with Punjabi established as the second language certainly in London and possibly within the United Kingdom.
Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. Retrieved 4 February Routledge — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 13 December Retrieved 17 March David Harrison; Catherine Herbert Howell Book of Peoples of the World: A Guide to Cultures.
A History from Aurangzeb to Mountbatten. New Delhi, India, Urbana, Illinois: Persia in Historical Perspective. Cambridge , United Kingdom: Retrieved 12 July Journal of Asian Studies. Globalisation and the region: Association for Punjab Studies UK. Punjabi identity in a global context.
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Resistance, Relocation and Reinvention Yet Again! Journal of Punjab Studies.
Conceptual and Measurement Issues". Their Emergence as a Political Context. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. A Secular Sikh Sovereign by K.
Retrieved 9 August A History of Empire and Invasion, Docherty, p. The British Empire — Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 23 December Retrieved 16 August The Punjab bloodied, partitioned and cleansed: The Times of India. Retrieved 7 September The Invasion of Delhi.
Retrieved 12 November Sikh Nationalism and Identity in a Global Age. Traditional and Historical Architecture". Retrieved 7 March The Sikh Empire [ — ] 14 April Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 15 October The great uprising in India, — Untold stories, Indian and British worlds of the east India company. India and the British empire oxford history of the British empire companion. The emergence of British power in India, — worlds of the east India company. Daniels; William Bright The World's Writing Systems.
Owen Cole; Piara Singh Sambhi Introduction to World Religions. Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. Owen; Sambhi, Piara Singh His Fourth Pioneer Work: Gender, religion, and the "heathen lands": American missionary women in South Asia, s—s. Retrieved 6 September Hindu Consciousness in 19th-century Punjab.
University of California Press. Christian conversion followed patterns of previous religious inroads, striking at the two sections of the social structure. Initial conversions came from the upper levels of Punjab society, from the privileged and prestigious. Few in number and won individually, high caste converts accounted for far more public attention and reaction to Christian conversion than the numerically superior successes among the depressed. Repeatedly, conversion or the threat of conversion among students at mission schools, or members of the literate castes, produced a public uproar.
Contemporary Issues in the Worldwide Anglican Communion: A native subcontinental church began to take shape with people from humbler backgrounds, while converts from high social caste preferred to attend the worship with the English Gibbs , Human person in Punjabi society: Those Christians who were converted from the "high caste" families both Hindus and Muslims look down upon those Christians who were converted from the low caste, specially from the untouchables.
Alter In the Doab and Rohilkhand: Low Intensity Conflicts in India: By their number had increased to 19,, by to 37,, by to , and by to , persons' see Figure 8. However, the Sikhs were more alarmed when some of the high caste families starting converting.
Lahore and Amritsar in the aftermath of Partition', Karachi: This gives an approximate number of 76,, Punjabi speakers in Pakistan. As with most hill towns in India, Udhagamandalam was established by the British. Over time, sprawling tea estates and heritage buildings came up, further enhancing its photogenic setting.
Not just families and friends, but honeymooners have also found an appropriate paradise in Ooty, owing to its mesmerising lakes and hills. This hill route, on which it travels, has one of the steepest gradients in the world; hence, it uses the ingenious rack and pinion system, developed way back in Starting from Mettupalayam, the train takes passengers on winding and rising tracks, along tea gardens, across over bridges and through more than curves and 16 tunnels.
While on Ooty family tours or a honeymoon, travellers can consider strolling in the town to witness the legacy of the British. Udhagamandalam is dotted with scores of buildings, dating back to the 19th century. The Stone House was the first bungalow and in turn the first pukka house, built here. It stands on a lush patch of land, which has tall trees all around.
The scenery is immensely breathtaking here; ideal for capturing in cameras. From outside, Saint Stephens Church looks plain and simple, but its interiors tell a completely different story. A carpet-covered aisle, lined by coffee-coloured wooden benches, makes the decor elegant. Pointed-arched windows, covered by stained glass paintings, depicting scenes from the Bible, catch the attention instantly. This is a very well maintained route.
It takes about 3 and a half hours to reach Ooty from Coimbatore. Another adventurous route can be the Mysore-Bandipur-Ooty route. This takes about 5 hours but the journey is worthwhile.
You drive through Bandipur national reserve and then the winding uphill climbs with 36 hairpin bends. This entry to Bandipur closes by 5. There aren't many restaurants on the way and its advised to carry along some water and food.
Ooty is well connected by bus service from Bangalore, Mysore and Coimbatore. Train - One of the best ways to get to Ooty is by train. Ooty being a hill station has the narrow gauge rail line and you will need to first reach Mettupalayam or Metupalaiyam from Chennai in the Nilgiri Express Train No.
This train is pushed by a small steam powered locomotive imported in the s with the Swiss Engine Trains.
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Ensure you book your tickets in advance to avoid last minute rush and unavailability. Alternatively, you can take trains from Chennai to Coimbatore and continue by road to Ooty. Air - Coimbatore kilometers is the nearest airport. Once you are in the city, try the sinful homemade chocolates of Ooty and pick up a wide variety of tea - plain, masala, chocolate, ginger etc from the tea plantation and processing units. Ooty is also known for its aromatic and therapeutic oils and organic spices.
This place is famous as one of the oldest stores of Ooty and flocked by people for its home made chocolates and fudge. There are many south Indian and north Indian eateries as you walk down the Commercial Road. Also try the Nilgiri tea at Irani's. Hotel Blue Hills offers delicious spreads. You can also try Modern Store and Hot Breads for some finger licking food.
For Chinese, Wangs and Shinkows are the place. All these places are located on Commercial Road. Looking for a Holiday Package? Thank you for submitting your holiday request. A Yatra representative will call you within the next 2 hours from Alternatively, you can call us on All Packages 44 Customizable Customizable Tour 5 Nights Ooty 3 Munnar 2. Ooty 3 Munnar 2. Visit the misty hill stations of Ooty and Munnar this holiday season. While Ooty's Doddabetta Peak is an excellent point to view the surrounding valleys, Munnar abounds in emerald-green tea gardens.
Here you will find over , items of militaria for sale on-line. The Lanes Armoury website. The Ultimate Resource for Militaria. Here you will find over , items of militaria for sale on-line You have most likely reached this page from a search engine. The item you are searching for can be found on the The Lanes Armoury website Why not click on the Enter button below to see the other Dealers on MilitariaMart.
The following items can be found on the The Lanes Armoury website , with full descriptions, photographs and prices. Was born in in St. From - he studied in Vhuteine?? In the s to s - he was working in the newspapers "Pravda", "Komsomolskaya Pravda", "Izvestia", "For Industrialization"; in "30 Days" magazine, "Height", "Foreign Literature", "Youth", "Ogonyok" the magazine received numerous prizes for the best pictures of the year.
Author of campaign posters on topical issues of his time - anti-bourgeois, anti-religious, anti-fascist; posters on the theme of socialist labour and sports. It illustrates and prepares books for Military Publishing, publishing "Young Guard", "Soviet writer", "truth" and others. He created works in easel graphics - portraits, landscapes, drawings, executed in ink, brush, gouache, watercolor, pencil.
Since he worked in the studio of military artists named after M. In the s - he was drawing postage stamps and stamped envelopes. He died in Moscow in Would look stunning with a fine quality frame. Complete with two lugs. The 13th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
Originally raised for the 1st Australian Imperial Force during the First World War, it was formed just six weeks after the start of the war. Along with the 14th, 15th and 16th Battalions which were recruited from New South Wales, it formed the 4th Brigade. The battalion saw service initially at Gallipoli before being transferred to France in For the next two years it fought in the trenches of the Western Front, earning numerous battle honours in the process.
Following the end of the war, the 13th Battalion was demobilised in early During the Second World War the battalion undertook garrison duties before being amalgamated with the 33rd Battalion in October It was re-raised for a third and final time sometime after and remained on the order of battle until when it was subsumed into the Royal New South Wales Regiment.
This unit had been raised in as the first ever British cavalry unit to operate in India, where it fought against Tipu Sultan and Dhoondia Wao and served under Arthur Wellesley at Assaye.
It then served on garrison duties in India before being sent to Canada to fight in the War of , becoming the 19th Lancers in and finally being disbanded in The second unit to bear the numeral was the 19th Hussars, which was the title taken by the five-year-old 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry when it moved from the East India Company to the British Army in - it was also allowed to keep the battle honours of the 19th Lancers. This unit then fought in Egypt and Sudan in the s and at the relief of Ladysmith during the Boer War - one of its colonels during this time was John French, better known for his generalship during the First World War.
During the Peninsular Campaign, he visited the balloon camp of Thaddeus S. Lowe sent the curious von Zeppelin to another balloon camp where the German-born aeronaut John Steiner could be of more help to the young man. His first ascent in a balloon, made at Saint Paul, Minnesota during this visit, is said to have been the inspiration of his later interest in aeronautics. Zeppelin's ideas for large dirigibles was first expressed in a diary entry dated 25 March Inspired by a recent lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel", he outlined the basic principle of his later craft: He went on to start the Zeppelin Airship Co.
Blade maker marked by WKC, Solingen. The Police and the SS officers shared this common pattern of sword from onwards. The Ordnungspolizei was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks.
It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles during the war. Local law enforcement would be undertaken by the Allgemeine-SS with the Waffen-SS providing homeland-security and political-police functions. Historical analysis of the Third Reich has revealed that senior Orpo personnel knew of Himmler's plan and were opposed to it.
Good blade, just grey needing polish, good scabbard with no denting just paint wear. Very good bright hilt with all natural age wear. An airline funded and partnered by Lufthansa, with many German directors and principles. Lufthansa was once an instrument of the Third Reich, an airline that effectively was used to create the modern wartime Luftwaffe through it's training of German pilots for the coming war. It's company title was named after the Nazi favoured representation of their joint Spanish-German aeronautical endeavours.
It was decided the South American company name should be the Condor Syndicato Ltda, as the Reich associated aviation in the Spanish speaking worlds with the Condor. This title was thus used by the German pilots and tank crews that served in the 'Condor Legion'. Volunteers from the German armed forces, that fought for Franco in the Spanish Civil war.
The Condor Legion was used to develop the principles, and perfect the techniques, of their new system of warfare called Blitzkrieg. This new, devilish, and incredibly successful method of warfare was rehearsed, in other areas of influence and conflict, outside of Germany before the war.
The obverse features a crowned effigy of Queen Elizabeth II facing right, in a high-collared ermine cloak and wearing the collar of the Garter and Badge of the Bath. There is no raised rim and no legend.
Good original cast whitemetal example of sound weight. The unit can trace its origins to the Volunteer Medical Staff Companies formed in the nineteeth century. These saw service in the Boer War. Following the formation of the Territorial Army in units saw service in the World Wars. The unit tartan has for some years been Graham of Montrose, worn originally by the Pipes and Drums of the 2nd Scottish General Hospital from These are the three medical elements of the Field Hospital. The story about the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting knife starts in England in In the British formed special commandos to carry out raids.
The initiative came from Winston Churchill in for a force that could carry out raids against German occupied Europe.. The name commando was taken from small effective mobile Boer units during the war in South Africa Initially drawn from within the British Army from soldiers who volunteered for special service, the Commandos' ranks would eventually be filled by members of all branches of the United Kingdom's armed forces and a number of foreign volunteers from German-occupied countries.
Reaching a wartime strength of over 30 individual units and four assault brigades, the Commandos served in all theatres of war from the Arctic circle to Europe and from the Middle East to South-East Asia.
Their operations ranged from small groups of men landing from the sea or by parachute to a brigade of assault troops spearheading the Allied invasions of Europe and Asia. Two of the first instructors were Captain William Ewart Fairbairn b. These middle aged gentlemen trained the young soldiers in a new and difficult mode of close-combat fighting at the Commando Basic Training Centre, Achnacarry, Scotland.
Churchill described the commandos as 'a steel hand from the sea' The need for a proper fighting knife, for these commandos, was apparent from the first few weeks of training specialized personnel. As Fairbairn later wrote, " In fact, such a thing as a fighting knife could not be purchased anywhere in Great Britain. Bowie style knives were carried by some of the Imperial Yeomantry during the South African War of , and in World War I cut-down bayonets, privately purchased hunting knives, or captured German issue folding knives were extensively utilised.
In November there was a meeting between W. Fairbairn and Sykes described the type of knife they envisioned and the purpose for which it was intended. As discussion continued, preliminary sketches were drawn up and modified time and time again.
As Robert Wilkinson Latham tells it: Fairbairn had also brought with him an example of a suitable fighting knife. It proved extremely effective. They were natural choices for the job. Both had served in the Shanghai Municipal Police Force, facing death daily in the dark, narrow streets and alleys of the city against armed thugs and organised gangs. In Shanghai they had made some fighting knives out of bayonets.
The meeting resulted in the Fairbairn Sykes Fighting Knife, that was manufactured, firstly, into the 1st pattern FS Knife, it was to then evolve, briefly, into the 2nd pattern FS Knife [in August ] and eventually into the 3rd pattern, in around October The 3rd pattern is still in use today.
This is very good example of these highly sought after early 2nd types. Photo in the gallery of the Schiffsstammabteilung Der Ostsee officers and men. Officer's Cap Badge Single pin mount.
The 8th Punjab Regiment had its origins in the Madras Army, where its first battalion was raised at Masulipatam in Four more battalions were raised in In , they were designated as the 29th, 30th, 31st, 32nd and 33rd Regiments of Madras Native Infantry.
In the early 19th century, these battalions were engaged in fighting the Marathas and took part in a number of foreign expeditions including the Anglo-Burmese Wars. Between and , they were reconstituted with Punjabi Muslims and Sikhs as Burma Battalions and permanently based in Burma to police the turbulent Burmese hill tracts. Under the Kitchener Reforms of , they were redesignated as the 89th, 90th, 91st, 92nd Punjabis, and 93rd Burma Infantry.
Their long list of honours and awards includes the Victoria Cross awarded to Naik Shahmed Khan of 89th Punjabis in The 89th Punjabis had the unique distinction of serving in more theatres of war than any other unit of the British Empire.
All battalions served in Mesopotamia, while 93rd Burma Infantry also served in France. The 92nd Punjabis were made 'Prince of Wales's Own' in for their gallantry and sacrifices during the war During the Second World War the 8th Punjab Regiment again distinguished itself, suffering more than casualties.
The regiment raised a further nine battalions. Two of its battalions, the 1st and 7th, were captured on Singapore Island, when the British Commonwealth Army surrendered there to the Japanese on 15 February